|30/07/2014 08:40:10 CCPIT Canada |
|China is situated in the southeastern part of the Eurasian continent and is bordered in the east by the Pacific Ocean. It covers an area of 9,560,900 km² and is the third largest country in the world, being surpassed is size only by the Russia and Canada. The country stretches for about 5,500 km from the heilong Jiang river in the north ,near the city of Mohe, to the Zengmu Reef of the Nansha Islands in the South China Sea and for about 5,200 km form the Pamir highlands in the far west to the junction of the rivers Heilong Jiang and Wusuli jiang(Ussuri) in the east. |
Its land frontier measures 28,000 km and is shared by North Korea in the north, the Russia in the northeast and northwest, Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Nepal and Bhutan in the west and southwest, and Burma, Laos and Vietnam in the south. The Chinese coast is more than 18,000 km long and bounded by the Gulf of Bohai, the Yellow Sea, and the East and South China Seas. More than 5,000 islands dot the China coast, the lorgest of which is Taiwan(35,380 km*km ),followed by the island of Hainan(34,380 km*km ).
Politically, China is divided into 22 provinces (including Taiwan), five autonomous regions and the three municipalities of Beijing (Peking), Tianjin and Shanghai, which are directly under the central government.
- The capital of the People’s Republic of China is Beijing(Peking).
- National flag:
- The national flag has five yellow, five-pointed stars on the upper felt part on a field of red. The red color of the flag symbolizes revolution. The five yellow stars represent the great unity of the revolutionary peoples under the leadership of the Communist Party of China.
- National emblem:
- The national emblem is with the famous gate, Tianan Men, in the center, illuminated by five stars and encircled by stalks of grain and a cogwheel.
China’s land surface slopes from west to east and can be divided into three zones: The Qinghai-Tibet-Plateau has an average altitude of over 4,000 m. The greatest highland area of the world is located here -- the "Roof of the World"--with an average elevation of over 5,400 m. This zone covers an area of 2,200,000 km*km.The second zone begins east of the kunlun Mountains and has a mean altitude rantging from 1,000--2,000 m. The Tarim Basin, the Mongolian Highlands, the Loess Plateau of the Sichuan Basin and the Yunnan Guizhou Plateau are part of this region. East of this, the third zone begins with hardly any elevations exceeding 500 m. The relief levels off in an eastward direction toward the China Sea. This has traditionally been the agricultural region of the country. Here Chinese culture and civilization developed, and it is today the most densely populated area.
The most important rivers flow from west to east, following the topography of the land: the Huanghe, Yellow River, is 4,848 km long and the Changjiang (Yangtze) is 5,983 km in length.
China’s topography is characterized by harsh contrasts and varied landscapes. The Mt., Qomolangma, Mount Everest,on the China/Nepal border has an elevation of 8,848 m,the highest mountain in the world.The Turfan Depression in the autonomous region of Xinjiang is the lowest point in China --155 m below sea level.